Australia’s first Indigenous truth-telling commission appoints chief executive

Australia’s first and only commission dedicated to revealing the truth about injustices committed against Aboriginal people has moved closer to starting its work after the appointment on Tuesday of Josh Smith as its chief executive officer.

Mr Smith, a Dunghutti man who has extensive experience in law, justice and social policy, will be responsible for the strategic operation of Victoria’s Yoo-rrook Justice Commission, which is expected to begin its work next month.

Yoo-rrook Justice Commission chief executive Josh Smith.

The Yoo-rrook commission will explore both historical and ongoing injustices committed against the Victorian Aboriginal community since colonisation.

Mr Smith, whose most recent position was deputy secretary of Aboriginal justice at the Victorian Department of Justice and Community Safety, will take up his new position on June 21.

He will work alongside newly appointed commission chair, Professor Eleanor Bourke, and commissioners Dr Wayne Atkinson, Professor Kevin Bell, Sue-Anne Hunter and Professor Maggie Walter.

A commission spokesman said Mr Smith was a highly regarded leader who brought with him a wide network among Victorian Aboriginal communities.

“Mr Smith will assist the commissioners in helping them to achieve the commission’s objectives, including those related to truth-telling, educating the wider public and making recommendations for structural reform,” the spokesman said.

Areas of historical and ongoing injustice to be investigated by the wide-ranging commission are likely to include cultural violations and massacres, policing and criminal justice, child protection, family and welfare matters, health and healthcare and other subjects relating to economic, social and political life.

The commission, established by the Victorian government with critical support from the First Peoples’ Assembly of Victoria, is expected to deliver its interim report in June 2022, with the final report expected in June 2024.

It will be invested with the powers of a royal commission, including the authority to subpoena documents and past officials.



The Yoo-rrook Justice Commission’s objectives are to:

  • Establish an official public record of experiences of Aboriginal Victorians since colonisation;
  • Determine the causes and consequences of systemic injustices suffered by Aboriginal Victorians;
  • Develop a better understanding among all Victorians of the impact of injustice and intergenerational trauma among Aboriginal Victorians;
  • Make recommendations for redress and to reforms including subject matter to be addressed in the Treaty process;
  • Help build the foundations for a new relationship between Aboriginal Victorians, the Victorian government and all Victorians, based on truth and justice to prevent the recurrence of injustice

The phrase “Yoo-rrook” means “truth” in Wemba Wemba/Wamba Wamba, an Aboriginal language spoken in and around the north-west region of Victoria.

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