Arthritis: The popular food type to avoid – its purines content increases inflammation

Ruth asks This Morning doctor about milk helping arthritis

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Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease with genetic factors accounting for 50 to 60 percent of the risk while the remainder might be linked to modifiable factors, such as infectious diseases, tobacco smoking, gut bacteria, and nutrition. Dietary triggers may play an inciting role in the autoimmune process triggering inflammation. Research shows that dietary interventions, such as eliminating certain foods and beverages, may reduce symptom severity in people with inflammatory arthritis and osteoarthritis, as well as improve their overall quality of life. According to studies, one particular food type should be avoided to help reduce painful symptoms.

Some research links red and processed meat to inflammation, which may increase arthritis symptoms.

For example, diets heavy in processed and red meats demonstrate high levels of inflammatory markers like interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and homocysteine.

Conversely, plant-based diets that exclude red meat have been shown to improve arthritis symptoms.

One study published in the National Library of Health, the associations between red meat intake and biomarkers of inflammation was analysed.

The study noted: “Greater red meat intake is associated with an increased type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk.

“However, the relation of red meat intake to biomarkers of inflammation and glucose metabolism has not been investigated thoroughly.”

The study looked at a cross-sectional data from diabetes-free female participants in the Nurses’ Health Study.

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“Greater red meat intake is associated with unfavourable plasma concentrations of inflammatory and glucose metabolic biomarkers in diabetes-free women,” concluded the study.

It continued: “BMI accounts for a significant proportion of the associations with these biomarkers, except for ferritin.

“Substituting red meat with another protein food is associated with a healthier biomarker profile of inflammatory and glucose metabolism.”

Avoid purines

“Purines are substances in foods that the body converts to uric acid,” said Medical News Today.

The health site added: “Uric acid can build up in the bloodstream, causing a gout attack.”

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), foods containing purines include:

Red meat

Organ meat, such as liver

Beer and other alcohol

Cured meats such as ham, bacon or lunch meats

Some seafood, such as mussels and scallops.

Arthritis patients should also try to avoid eating too many processed sugars.

They trigger the release of cytokines in the body, which act as messengers to the brain to boost inflammation.

You can find processed sugars in some fizzy drinks, flavoured coffees, fruit juices, and even some sweetened teas.

It’s also vital to avoid eating too many saturated fats, which can cause inflammation in the fat tissue.
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